Although he held many positions in the clergy, Fuller is best known for historical writing enlivened with epigrams and anecdotes. His most important book is “History of the Worthies of England” (1662), the first attempt at a national biography. “The Holy State, the Profane State” (1642) is a collection of biographies of English writers. Other historical work includes “The Church History of Britain” (1655), and “The History of the University of Cambridge (1655).
After studying at Cambridge, Fuller began his career as a preacher in London in 1641. He actively took the side of the Royalists during the ascendancy of Oliver Cromwell and the ensuing Civil War. Not only did he serve as a chaplain to the Royalist Army, he also wrote a satire, “Andronicus, or the Unfortunate Politician” (1646), against Cromwell. The monarchy was restored shortly before Fuller’s death, and he ended his career as it had begun, as a scholar at Cambridge.